Jindo Arts

  • Jindo Arts

Jindo Arts
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National Intangible Culture Properties

- Ganggangsuwollae

Ganggangsuwollae is a folk play with singing and it is a kind of martial dance. The women of a village dance together in a line or a circle, as it is in a hide-and-seek. It is a traditional folk dance with singing peformed exclusively by women mostly at night without any accompaniment of musical instruments used for farming folk music.

Ganggangsuwollae

It has its origin in a tale in which the Admiral Lee Soonshin used this dance as part of his camouflage strategy during the Japanese invasion in 1592. He had the fortification of earth build on Mt. Monggum in Jindo and have the village women dressed in male attire dance holding hands each other in a circle singing Ganggangsuwollae song on the mountain top to divert the attention of the Japanese army away from the genuine troops.

- Namdo Deul Norae (Field Working Song)

The Jinde Deul Norae Song became renowned nationwide when it was awarded to the Prime Minister Prize in the 12th Korean Folk Art Competition in 1971. Its beautiful melody and lyrics led it to be designated as an Important Intangible Cultural Asset with the title of "Namdo Deul Norae" The Namdo Deul Norae is conducted mostly in Yinji town of Jisan Myeon. It is a farming song performed by farmers while they are planting, weeding in the rice field. Various melodies are used for the song. The retrain can last at the end of each song as long as the labor last.

- Sitgimgut

The Sheetgimgoot is an exorcism to release a dead person's grief which wasn't release when they were still alive, to allow them to die peacefully. This became an intangible cultural treasure on November, 17, 1980, and it portrays the aloof attitude towards death to the art world which is related to shamanism.

Sitgimgut

- Dasiraegi

Dasiraegi is also known as "Dasirak" and it stands for the meaning of "give birth again", "re-create" or "many people get together to have fun". Dasiraegi is performed to console the principle mourner and his family at a mourner's house at night before the funeral. It is a kind of folk play with singing, dancing and witty dialogues to the accompaniment of four musical instruments.

Provincial Intangible Culture Properties of Jeollanamdo

- Jindo Bungnori (Drum Playing)

This is an unique form of drum playing in which improvised dance movements and diverse rhythmic patterns of Puk (drum) can generate various change in itself for further development. It shows some difference in its music structure from other kinds of drum plying in that it has Samhyunyookgak, Samul and Sinawi accompaniment. In Jindo Bungnori, because the two sides of the drum is beaten with the two drumsticks in both hands in a way similar to playing Janggu, it has diverse short and quick rhythms. Right after abrupt stop, it also has a moment of pause but promptly resumed by instant playing of drum. An splendid array of rhythmic patterns of the Puk playing is most worthy of note.

- Manga

Manga is a kind of folk song performed by pallbearers while they are carrying a funeral bier. Its uniqueness is in the whole setting in which the bier is carried and in the song itself. The song is accompanied by the four Korean musical instruments; Puk, Jangu, Jing and Piri. The song is divided into two parts of leading and refrain part. Two masked Bangjangsoi on a horse perform a sword dance to ward off the evil spirits. People with torches and the unique style of mourning dress are another characteristics of Manga. Jingo's Mango is famous for its genuine beauty in its music structure, recognized one of the best among the Mangas of Korea.

- Japga

'Jap' stand for in Korean something vulgar, so 'Japga' means 'crude or unrefined song' of lower class compared to the songs of upper class such as Gagok, Sijo. With its literature formed and flourished at the end of Choson period, Japga had to gradually give in its place to the popular songs in western music style from around 1830. Japga is the genre of traditional literature flourished at the end of the Choson period and is recognized as a transitional genre bridging the past with the present. Namdo Japga includes Boryeom, Hwachosageori, Yukjabaegi, Jajinyukjabaegi, Heungtaryeong, Gaeguritaryeong, Saetaryeong, Seongjupuri and others.

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